Gun safety rules that save health and lives

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38,000 people die and more than 80,000 people are injured every year in the U.S. from guns.

If you, your family or friends have firearms, safety must always be considered first. There are 12 Rules of Firearms Safety and the first four are the most important ones.

Source of this video about gun safety.

12 rules of Firearms Safety

So, our top 12 rules of firearms safety:

Gun Safety Rules

1. Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction

Don’t point your gun at anything that you don’t intend to shoot. This is especially important in the process of loading and unloading your firearm. If there is an accidental discharge, there is no injuries can be sustained so long as the muzzle is pointed in an appropriate direction.

A gun in the home is 19X more likely used to harm you! (1)

A safe direction refers to an area where the bullet is not likely to hit any person, taking into consideration the possibility of ricochets as well as the fact that bullets are able to be able to penetrate ceilings and walls.

The safest direction can appear to be “up” on some occasions or “down” on others, but never at any person or anything you do not intend to use as an object.

2. Firearms should be unloaded when not actually in use

If not in use, firearms and ammunition must be secured in a secure location, separated from one another. A gun that is loaded has no location in or near the vehicle, in a building or anywhere where somebody can use it without your control.

22,000 people per year commit suicide using a gun (2)

If you touch the firearm or give it over to someone else, take action immediately and check the chamber, the receiver and magazine to make sure they are not filled with ammunition.

Don’t assume that the gun is loaded -make sure you verify it! This is considered to be a sign of a seasoned gun owner!

When in doubt, unload your gun!

Don’t walk across the fence, climb trees or engage in any unnatural action while using loaded guns. Do not pull or push the loaded firearm towards you or someone else. 00a38b

3. Don’t rely on your gun’s “safety”

The “safety” on any gun is a mechanical piece of equipment that as with any other such device, may fail at any moment. The safety can be used as a complement to safe gun handling, but is not an alternative to the common sensible.

Don’t touch the trigger on an firearm until you plan to shoot. Be sure to keep your fingers clear of the trigger when taking out or loading. Do not pull the trigger on a firearm while the safety is in”safe,” or in the “safe” position or anywhere the space between “safe” and “fire.”

Many gun deaths and injuries can be prevented by improving firearm handling, safe storage, and keeping guns away from those at risk of
hurting themselves or others (3)

Don’t place the safety between positions as half-safe is dangerous. Make sure the safety is “on” until you are completely ready to fire.

The only way to be certain that your gun will not fire is when the action is fully open and the gun is empty. Remember, you should never trust the safety of your gun. Your gun and the safe gun handling techniques you’ve learned are the gun’s main security measures.

4. Be sure of your target and what’s beyond it

You have no control over where the shot will travel or the target. Make sure you are aware of exactly where your shot is likely to do. Be certain that the bullet won’t cause injury to anyone or anything that is not your goal. You can not shooting only at a motion or sound.

The United States has 120.5 guns per 100 people, or about 393,347,000 guns, which is the highest total and per capita number in the world (4)

It is important to note that even a 22-inch bullet could travel more than 1 1/4 miles, and a high-speed cartridge, like 30-06, may shoot more than three miles. The shotgun’s pellets travel up to 500 yards and shotgun slugs travel for a distance of up to a half mile.

You must consider the distance a bullet can travel if it fails to hit the target you want to hit or bounces in a different direction.

5. Use correct ammunition

Be aware of all warnings, which include those that are in the instruction manual as well as on the ammunition boxes. Just one cartridge with a wrong calibre or gauge to destroy the gun.

Develop the habit of looking over each cartridge you insert in your firearm. So, you `ll avoid significant damage to firearms and severe injuries to shooters.

22% of Americans own one or more guns
(35% of men and 12% of women) (5)

Don’t use reloads that are not properly made or ammunition made with unknown components. Ammunition that is very wet or submerged in water must be destroyed in a responsible way. Avoid spraying oils or solvents onto ammunition or put it in firearms with excessively lubricated guns.

Insufficient ignition, poor performance or harm to your firearm, and injury to you or other people may result from the use of bad ammunition.

6. If your gun fails to fire when the trigger is pulled, handle with care!

Cartridges may not start firing when it is pulled. Make sure to keep the gun at a safe distance. Make sure your face is clear of the rifle’s breech. Then you must carefully open the action, take out the firearm , and take the cartridge out in a secure manner.

Since 1903, the earliest year of data available, the per capita rate of gun accident deaths has decreased 95 percent, from 3.1 to 0.14 deaths per 100,000 population (6)

If an ammunition chamber is ready to shoot, even when you’ve tried shooting, but it didn’t start firing. It can go off at any moment (!) therefore, you should always adhere to Rule #1 and be on the lookout for your muzzle!

Do not clean ammunition or handling firearms in poor ventilation areas. Lead and other chemicals can cause birth defects, reproductive harm and other grave physical injuries. Clean your hands after exposure.

7. Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting

Shooting noises could damage hearing, so the proper protection of your eyes is crucial. Keeping your ears and eyes secured can make shooting more enjoyable and increase your enjoyment from shooting sport.

There were 458 fatal firearms-related accidents in 2018 – the lowest
since at least 1903 – and the rate matched the record low of
0.14 per 100k population (7)

Shooting glasses protect against the falling shot, twigs and twigs clay target chips, as well as the possibility of a ruptured case or malfunctioning firearm.

Eye protection while cleaning or disassembling guns will help to prevent springs and spring tension components, solvents and agents from touching your eyes.

8. Be sure barrel is clear of obstructions before shooting

Before loading your gun, make sure that there is no ammunition or other obstructions inside the magazine or chamber. Be sure to clean your bore by using a cleaning rod.

Even a tiny amount of snow, mud, excess grease or lubricating oils within the bore could cause excessive pressures. As a result, the barrel to expand or even explode when firing, causing injury to the shooter and those around.

Over the last 25 years, annual numbers of gun accident deaths have decreased by more than 66% (8)

Injecting a less calibre or gauge cartridge inside the barrel of a shotgun could cause the smaller cartridge dropping into the barrel. So, creating a bore obstruction when a cartridge with the proper dimension is shot.

If the recoil or noise when firing is uneven or does not seem “right,” cease firing immediately. Make sure you make sure that there isn’t any obstruction or projectile has been stuck inside the barrel.

9. Don`t modify your gun

Guns are complex mechanisms that have been created by experts to function effectively in their original configuration. Any modification or alteration can make the gun unsafe and could void any manufacturer warranties.

Nine children or teens in USA are shot every day in gun-related events – over 3,000 youth every year (9)

Be careful not to compromise your own security or the safety other people by altering or modifying the trigger, safety, or any other mechanism on a firearm. Do not permit unqualified people to fix or modify an existing firearm.

The result of a modification usually is a damaged firearm!

The gun will not last forever, and is susceptible to wear and tear. Therefore, it needs periodic check-up, adjustment, and maintenance. Contact the manufacturer of the firearm to find suggested maintenance.

10. Learn the mechanical and handling characteristics of the firearm you are using

The way of handling and carrying firearms is different based on the specific mechanical characteristics of every gun.

You should understand the specific firearm and the safe handling guidelines regarding loading and unloading, and handling that gun.

Concurrently, Americans have acquired over 200 million new guns and today own approximately 407 million guns, an all-time high (10)

For instance, many handgun makers advise that their handguns be transported with the hammer in the empty gun chamber. This is especially the case for older single-action revolvers however, it is also applicable to semiautomatic and double-action revolvers.

Always study and reference the instruction manual that came when you purchased your firearm If you’ve lost the manual, call the manufacturer to request another book.

11. Treat every gun as if they are always loaded

A person who checks and displays a gun to be safe before handling is considered an experienced and responsible shooter. Make sure you take care to treat each firearm you encounter as if it is loaded. Don’t assume that someone has given you a gun that is not loaded.

Nearly 40% of all unintentional shooting deaths among children 11-14 years of age occur in the home of a friend (11)

Make sure you look over the gun yourself prior to proceeding. Do not take possession of an item with which is not yours, thinking you could play around in it to can figure it out. It is never a mistake to seek help and to demonstrate proper and safe use of the gun.

12. Don’t mix alcohol, guns and other drugs

Drugs and alcohol can adversely influence judgment and physical coordination. Alcohol, as well as any other substance that could affect normal physical or mental functioning shouldn’t be consumed prior to or when handling firearms.

Adolescents are at a higher risk for suicide
when there is a gun in the home (12)

Avoid handling or firing your gun when you are taking medicines that induce drowsiness, or have an instruction to avoid operating machinery while you are taking this drug.

Additional safety points

The 12 safety guidelines are the basic rules of gun security. But, there are more security points that shouldn’t be neglected.

Do not handle a firearm if you are experiencing emotional stress like depression or anger. Do not do mistakes.
Don’t shoot guns during a celebrations (the 4th of July, or New Year’s Eve, as an instance). If a bullet is fired into air will be returned to the ground at a speed that is fast enough to cause injuries or even death. It’s also illegal.
Avoid shooting at flat, water and hard surface. The bullet could bounce off and strike something else other that the intended area of the target.
Take note that some kinds of firearms and shooting activities require extra security precautions.

Guns and children: firearm owner responsibilities

Summary of Safe Storage Laws Regarding Children

You could be charged with an offense that is a misdemeanor or a crime of criminal offense.

If you have an unloaded firearm in the premises under your control or custody and a child who is less than 18 years of age acquires and makes use of it which causes injuries or death or transports it into a public space.

Store your firearm inside a secure container or secured the gun with an locking device that temporarily stop it from working.

You Shouldn’t Be Too Cautious Around Children And Guns

Don’t assume that because a toddler might not have fingers strength, they won’t be able to engage the trigger. The thumb of a child is twice the strength as other fingers.

When a toddler’s finger “pushes” against a trigger and the gun’s barrel is always pointed at the child. The gun is pointed directly at the child’s eyes.

1 in 3 families with children have at least one gun in the house.
It is estimated that there are more than 22 million children
living in homes with guns (13)

Safety precautions for children are still in place even if you don’t have children or even if your children have reached adulthood and gone away from home. A niece, nephew or neighbor’s child, or even a grandchild could visit you.

It is important to keep any guns that are not loaded, secure them using a firearms security device, and keep in a secure container. The ammunition should be kept in a secure location away from the firearm.

Talking to Children About Guns

Children naturally are interested in things they don’t have a clue about or believe are “forbidden.” When your child has questions or starts acting playing “gun play,” you might want to address your child’s question by open and truthful answering.

This can eliminate the mystery and diminish the curiosity that children have. It is also important not to forget to communicate with children in a way that they can understand and comprehend.

Some parents consider non-powder guns, like BB, pellet, and paintball guns, to be toys. These guns, which can fire at the speed of traditional guns, lead to nearly 22,000 injuries each year, especially eye injuries (14)

Unconventional actions can totally overturn the good guidelines. The “Do as I say and not as I do” approach to gun safety is reckless and risky.

Keep in mind that actions speak louder than words. Children learn the most from watching the adults in their lives. When you practice safe behavior, you are also teaching how to conduct yourself in a safe manner.

Instill a Mind Set of Safety and Responsibility

The American Academy of Pediatrics reports that adolescence is an extremely fragile stage for teenagers who struggle to establish characteristics of self-confidence, identity and independence. So, adolescents as well as kids may not be adequately protected with cautionary advice.

Many parents think their children are not capable of firing a gun. However, children as young as 3 years old may be strong enoughto pull the trigger of a handgun (15)

Unconventional actions can totally overturn the good guidelines. The “Do as I say and not as I do” approach to gun safety is reckless and risky.

Keep in mind that actions speak louder than words. Children learn the most from watching the adults in their lives. When you practice safe behavior, you are also teaching how to conduct yourself in a safe manner.

Safety and Storage Devices

If you are considering keeping an firearm in your home, you should think about the question regarding how best to keep your firearm in a secure and secure way. You can see a current list of DOJ-approved firearms safety devices and the gun safe standards.

There are many security and storage gadgets that are available to the general public at a variety of costs. To ensure the safety of your firearm, make use of an firearm safety device as well as an enclosed storage container that is locked for storing your firearm unloaded.

Some parents believe that hiding their guns will prevent children from accessing them. However, 75% of children who live in homes with guns
know where they are stored (16)

Trigger locks are generally two-piece units that sit around the trigger as well as a trigger guards to block entry to trigger. One end has an entry point that is inserted into a slot on the other. They are secured with the use of a combination lock or key mechanism.

Cable locks generally are secured by looping a tough steel cable around the firing mechanism to stop the firearm’s operation and to prevent accidental firing.

But neither cable locks or trigger locks are designed to hinder from accessing the weapon.

Lock boxes that are smaller and bigger gun safes comprise among the most popular kinds of storage containers for locking. Both lock boxes and gun safes stop any accidental removal and handling of a gun.

Lock boxes are usually made from high-quality, durable metal that can be opened with the combination lock or a key. Gun safes can be quite heavy, generally carrying at least 50 pounds. While gun safes are expensive, but they are generally more secure and reliable.

Be aware that safety and storage devices are only as secure as the measures you take to guard the key or the combination for the lock.

Gun safety rules for Kids

The child may discover firearms when adult isn’t present. If this happens the child must be aware of the guidelines and be taught how to adhere to these rules.


The primary rule for children to observe if they find or is aware of the presence of a gun is to stop whatever they are doing.

Don’t Touch

The other rule is that children to not touch the gun they find or observes. Children may believe that the most appropriate thing to do when they find an object of interest is to pick it up and hand that gun back into the hands of an adult. Children must be aware that they should never touch a firearm that he/she might observe.

Leave the Area

A third and final rule of thumb is that you must get out of the space. This includes not removing a firearm from a child, or trying to prevent someone from using guns.

Tell an Adult

The final rule is for children to inform someone else about the firearm that he/she has observed. This is especially true when children are without adults.

It is important to note that while there isn’t a better recommendation in the moment for adolescents or children who are exposed to guns through chance however, there is a report from the California Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians warns that:

these warnings alone could not be enough to prevent accidents for children and teens.

What About Guns in the Homes of Family and Friends?

If your child plans to go to a friend’s home It’s crucial to know whether guns are present within the house. It can be awkward to inquire, but many people will realize the need to safeguard your child.

You might try to ask some questions:

It is best for your kid to stay from places where there is guns. If you allow your child go to the home with firearms, ensure that:

The gun is kept unloaded and secured.
The bullets are kept locked and kept in a separate location.
The keys to locks are kept hidden.

And if we are talking about your home, the choice of storage space can also add another aspect of security. Be careful when choosing the place to store your firearm within your home, particularly when children are present:

Don’t keep your gun where it can be seen.
Do not keep your firearm on an armoire, on a bedside table, underneath your pillow or mattress, or on a shelf in the closet.
Don’t keep your firearm with your other valuables (such as cameras, jewelry) except in a safe container.
It is recommended to store firearms that are not being used to defend yourself in a secure and secure location far from your home.


You can contribute to fulfilling this obligation by taking shooter safety or hunter safety classes. It is essential to emphasize the safety of handling firearms, particularly to children and those who are not shooters.

If you see someone who is not following any safety rules You are required to demand safe handling methods like those described in this article.

Be sure to follow the safety guidelines that are laid out here, learn responsible shooting habits and remember, the safety of firearms is entirely up to you.


How to recognize depression?

Suicide is more common in conditions like depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Nearly two-thirds (33%) of gun deaths in America are due to suicide. Many people who commit suicide use guns they have at home or from family members and friends. Guns that are not loaded, locked, and ammunition stored in separate locations can often prevent suicide.

What about firearm storage in homes with Alzheimer’s or Dementia patients?

Memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease can lead to dementia and other forms of dementia. A third of dementia patients exhibit aggressive behavior during their illness. Family members and caregivers could be at risk if they have access guns. Families should ensure that firearms are safely stored in their homes. Additional recommendations from the Alzheimer’s Association.

What are gun owners’ responsibilities?

Gun owners are responsible for ensuring that guns are safe. Gun storage should be managed so guns are not accessible to anyone, particularly children.

How can I talk to my child about guns?

Although there is no age limit for talking to your child about guns, it is a good idea to start when they are showing interest in firearms. You might get the interest from friends, family, toy guns, or even from television. It’s better to talk openly about gun safety than telling someone “Don’t touch it” and then leaving it at that.

How often should I teach my child about gun safety?

Children will not remember safety procedures if there is no time limit. However, repetition can help them recall the rules.

Photo of author
Hans Wimberly
Hi. I`m Hans Wimberly. My hobbies are fishing and hunting. I use a lot of tools for my housework. If you want to choose the best gear, my experience will be useful for you. Thanks for your attention.

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